Tehran

  • tehran

    تهران
    capital city
    تهران بزرگ · greater tehran
    tehran sky.jpg
    the azadi tower
    northern tehran seen from ab-o-atash park
    ferdows garden
    city theater
    golestan palace
    mount tochal seen from the modarres expressway
    chitgar lake
    tabiat bridge
    clockwise from top: tehran skyline, northern tehran seen from ab-o-atash park, city theater, mount tochal seen from the modarres expressway, tabiat bridge, chitgar lake, golestan palace, ferdows garden, and the azadi tower.
    official seal of tehran
    seal
    tehran is located in tehran
    tehran
    tehran
    location in iran and asia
    tehran is located in iran
    tehran
    tehran
    tehran (iran)
    tehran is located in asia
    tehran
    tehran
    tehran (asia)
    coordinates: 35°41′21″n 51°23′20″e / 35°41′21″n 51°23′20″e / 35.68917; 51.38889utc+04:30 (irdt)
    area code(s)(+98) 021
    climatewww.tehran.ir

    tehran or teheran (ə-/; persian: تهرانŤehrân [tehˈɾɒːn] (about this soundlisten)) is the capital of iran and tehran province. with a population of around 8.7 million in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area of greater tehran, tehran is the most populous city in iran and western asia,[6] and has the second-largest metropolitan area in the middle east (after cairo). it is ranked 24th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area.[7]

    in the classical era, part of the territory of present-day tehran was occupied by rhages, a prominent median city.[8] it was subject to destruction through the medieval arab, turkic, and mongol invasions. its modern-day inheritor remains as an urban area absorbed into the metropolitan area of greater tehran.

    tehran was first chosen as the capital of iran by agha mohammad khan of the qajar dynasty in 1786, in order to remain within close reach of iran's territories in the caucasus, before being separated from iran as a result of the russo-iranian wars, and to avoid the vying factions of the previously ruling iranian dynasties. the capital has been moved several times throughout history, and tehran is the 32nd national capital of iran. large-scale demolition and rebuilding began in the 1920s, and tehran has been a destination for mass migrations from all over iran since the 20th century.[9]

    tehran is home to many historical collections, including the royal complexes of golestan, sa'dabad, and niavaran, where the two last dynasties of the former imperial state of iran were seated. tehran's most famous landmarks include the azadi tower, a memorial built under the reign of mohammad reza shah of the pahlavi dynasty in 1971 to mark the 2,500th year of the foundation of the imperial state of iran, and the milad tower, the world's sixth-tallest self-supporting tower which was completed in 2007. the tabiat bridge, a newly built landmark, was completed in 2014.[10]

    the majority of the population of tehran are persian-speaking people,[11][12] and roughly 99% of the population understand and speak persian, but there are large populations of other ethno-linguistic groups who live in tehran and speak persian as a second language.[13]

    tehran has an international airport (imam khomeini airport), a domestic airport (mehrabad airport), a central railway station, the rapid transit system of tehran metro, a bus rapid transit system, trolleybuses, and a large network of highways.

    there have been plans to relocate iran's capital from tehran to another area, due mainly to air pollution and the city's exposure to earthquakes. to date, no definitive plans have been approved. a 2016 survey of 230 cities by consultant mercer ranked tehran 203rd for quality of life.[14] according to the global destinations cities index in 2016, tehran is among the top ten fastest growing destinations.[15]

    october 6 is marked as tehran day based on a 2016 decision by members of the city council, celebrating the day when the city was officially chosen as the capital of iran by the qajar dynasty back in 1907.[16]

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Tehran

تهران
تهران بزرگ · Greater Tehran
Tehran sky.jpg
The Azadi Tower
Northern Tehran seen from Ab-o-Atash Park
Ferdows Garden
City Theater
Golestan Palace
Mount Tochal seen from the Modarres Expressway
Chitgar Lake
Tabiat Bridge
Clockwise from top: Tehran skyline, northern Tehran seen from Ab-o-Atash Park, City Theater, Mount Tochal seen from the Modarres Expressway, Tabiat Bridge, Chitgar Lake, Golestan Palace, Ferdows Garden, and the Azadi Tower.
Official seal of Tehran
Seal
Tehran is located in Tehran
Tehran
Tehran
Location in Iran and Asia
Tehran is located in Iran
Tehran
Tehran
Tehran (Iran)
Tehran is located in Asia
Tehran
Tehran
Tehran (Asia)
Coordinates: 35°41′21″N 51°23′20″E / 35°41′21″N 51°23′20″E / 35.68917; 51.38889UTC+04:30 (IRDT)
Area code(s)(+98) 021
Climatewww.tehran.ir

Tehran or Teheran (ə-/; Persian: تهرانŤehrân [tehˈɾɒːn] (About this soundlisten)) is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of around 8.7 million in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area of Greater Tehran, Tehran is the most populous city in Iran and Western Asia,[6] and has the second-largest metropolitan area in the Middle East (after Cairo). It is ranked 24th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area.[7]

In the Classical era, part of the territory of present-day Tehran was occupied by Rhages, a prominent Median city.[8] It was subject to destruction through the medieval Arab, Turkic, and Mongol invasions. Its modern-day inheritor remains as an urban area absorbed into the metropolitan area of Greater Tehran.

Tehran was first chosen as the capital of Iran by Agha Mohammad Khan of the Qajar dynasty in 1786, in order to remain within close reach of Iran's territories in the Caucasus, before being separated from Iran as a result of the Russo-Iranian Wars, and to avoid the vying factions of the previously ruling Iranian dynasties. The capital has been moved several times throughout history, and Tehran is the 32nd national capital of Iran. Large-scale demolition and rebuilding began in the 1920s, and Tehran has been a destination for mass migrations from all over Iran since the 20th century.[9]

Tehran is home to many historical collections, including the royal complexes of Golestan, Sa'dabad, and Niavaran, where the two last dynasties of the former Imperial State of Iran were seated. Tehran's most famous landmarks include the Azadi Tower, a memorial built under the reign of Mohammad Reza Shah of the Pahlavi dynasty in 1971 to mark the 2,500th year of the foundation of the Imperial State of Iran, and the Milad Tower, the world's sixth-tallest self-supporting tower which was completed in 2007. The Tabiat Bridge, a newly built landmark, was completed in 2014.[10]

The majority of the population of Tehran are Persian-speaking people,[11][12] and roughly 99% of the population understand and speak Persian, but there are large populations of other ethno-linguistic groups who live in Tehran and speak Persian as a second language.[13]

Tehran has an international airport (Imam Khomeini Airport), a domestic airport (Mehrabad Airport), a central railway station, the rapid transit system of Tehran Metro, a bus rapid transit system, trolleybuses, and a large network of highways.

There have been plans to relocate Iran's capital from Tehran to another area, due mainly to air pollution and the city's exposure to earthquakes. To date, no definitive plans have been approved. A 2016 survey of 230 cities by consultant Mercer ranked Tehran 203rd for quality of life.[14] According to the Global Destinations Cities Index in 2016, Tehran is among the top ten fastest growing destinations.[15]

October 6 is marked as Tehran Day based on a 2016 decision by members of the City Council, celebrating the day when the city was officially chosen as the capital of Iran by the Qajar dynasty back in 1907.[16]