Romanian language

  • romanian
    daco-romanian
    limba română
    pronunciation[roˈmɨnə]
    native toromania, moldova
    ethnicityromanians (incl. moldovans)
    native speakers
    24–26 million (2016)[1]
    second language: 4 million[2]
    l1+l2 speakers: 28–30 million
    language family
    indo-european
    • italic
      • romance
        • eastern romance
          • balkan romance
            • romanian
    early form
    proto-romanian
    dialects
    • transylvanian
    • crișana
    • moldavian
    • banat
    • wallachian
    • maramureș
    • bucovinean
    writing system
    latin (romanian alphabet)
    cyrillic (transnistria only)
    romanian braille
    official status
    official language in
     romania
     moldova
     vojvodina (serbia)
    recognised minority
    language in
     hungary
     ukraine
    regulated byromanian academy
    academy of sciences of moldova
    language codes
    ro
    ron (t)
    iso 639-3ron
    roma1327[3]
    linguasphere51-aad-c (varieties: 51-aad-ca to -ck)
    map roumanophone world.png
    blue: region where romanian is the dominant language. green: areas with a notable minority of romanian speakers.
    idioma rumano.png
    distribution of the romanian language in romania, moldova and surroundings.
    this article contains ipa phonetic symbols. without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of unicode characters. for an introductory guide on ipa symbols, see help:ipa.

    romanian (dated rumanian or roumanian; autonym: limba română [ˈlimba roˈmɨnə] (about this soundlisten), "the romanian language", or românește, lit. "in romanian") is a balkan romance language spoken by approximately 24–26 million people[4][5] as a native language, primarily in romania and moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.[6][7] it is an official and national language of both romania and moldova and is one of the official languages of the european union.

    romanian is a part of the eastern romance sub-branch of romance languages, a linguistic group that evolved from several dialects of vulgar latin, which was separated from the western romance during the 5th–8th centuries.[8] to distinguish it within that group in comparative linguistics it is called daco-romanian as opposed to its closest relatives, aromanian, megleno-romanian and istro-romanian. romanian is also known as moldovan in moldova, although the constitutional court of moldova ruled in 2013 that "the official language of the republic is romanian".[nb 1]

    numerous immigrant romanian speakers are also scattered across many other regions and countries worldwide, with large populations in italy, spain, germany, russia, canada, and the united states.

  • history
  • geographic distribution
  • dialects
  • classification
  • lexis
  • grammar
  • phonology
  • writing system
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • bibliography
  • external links

Romanian
Daco-Romanian
limba română
Pronunciation[roˈmɨnə]
Native toRomania, Moldova
EthnicityRomanians (incl. Moldovans)
Native speakers
24–26 million (2016)[1]
Second language: 4 million[2]
L1+L2 speakers: 28–30 million
Early form
Dialects
Latin (Romanian alphabet)
Cyrillic (Transnistria only)
Romanian Braille
Official status
Official language in
 Romania
 Moldova
 Vojvodina (Serbia)
Recognised minority
language in
Regulated byRomanian Academy
Academy of Sciences of Moldova
Language codes
ro
ron (T)
ISO 639-3ron
roma1327[3]
Linguasphere51-AAD-c (varieties: 51-AAD-ca to -ck)
Map Roumanophone World.png
Blue: region where Romanian is the dominant language. Green: areas with a notable minority of Romanian speakers.
Idioma rumano.PNG
Distribution of the Romanian language in Romania, Moldova and surroundings.
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Romanian (dated Rumanian or Roumanian; autonym: limba română [ˈlimba roˈmɨnə] (About this soundlisten), "the Romanian language", or românește, lit. "in Romanian") is a Balkan Romance language spoken by approximately 24–26 million people[4][5] as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.[6][7] It is an official and national language of both Romania and Moldova and is one of the official languages of the European Union.

Romanian is a part of the Eastern Romance sub-branch of Romance languages, a linguistic group that evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin, which was separated from the Western Romance during the 5th–8th centuries.[8] To distinguish it within that group in comparative linguistics it is called Daco-Romanian as opposed to its closest relatives, Aromanian, Megleno-Romanian and Istro-Romanian. Romanian is also known as Moldovan in Moldova, although the Constitutional Court of Moldova ruled in 2013 that "the official language of the republic is Romanian".[nb 1]

Numerous immigrant Romanian speakers are also scattered across many other regions and countries worldwide, with large populations in Italy, Spain, Germany, Russia, Canada, and the United States.