President of Iran

  • president of the
    islamic republic of iran
    office of the president of the islamic republic of iran seal.svg
    official seal
    hassan rouani 2017 portrait.jpg
    incumbent
    hassan rouhani

    since 3 august 2013
    stylemr. president
    the right honourable
    member ofcabinet
    expediency discernment council
    supreme national security council
    supreme council of the cultural revolution
    reports tosupreme leader of iran
    residenceekhtesasi palace
    (working)
    sa'dabad palace
    (ceremonial)
    seatpasteur, tehran
    appointerdirect vote
    term lengthfour years
    renewable once
    inaugural holderabolhassan banisadr
    formationfebruary 4, 1980; 40 years ago (1980-02-04)
    deputyfirst vice president of iran
    salary$10,947 annually[1]
    websiteofficial website

    the president of iran (persian: رئیس‌جمهور ایران rayis jomhur-e irān) is the head of government of the islamic republic of iran. the president is the highest-ranking official of iran (however, the president is still required to gain the supreme leader's official approval before being sworn in before the parliament and the leader also has the power to dismiss the elected president at any time).[2] the president carries out the decrees, and answers to the supreme leader of iran, who functions as the country's head of state.[3][4] unlike the executive in other countries, the president of iran does not have full control over the government, which is ultimately under the control of the supreme leader.[3][4] the president of iran is elected for a four-year term by direct vote and not permitted to run for a third term or serve for more than 8 years in the office.

    chapter ix of the constitution of the islamic republic of iran sets forth the qualifications for presidential candidates. the procedures for presidential election and all other elections in iran are outlined by the supreme leader.[5][6] the president functions as the executive of the decrees and wishes of the supreme leader, including: signing treaties with foreign countries and international organizations; and administering national planning, budget, and state employment affairs.[7][8][6][9][10][11][12][13][14] the president also appoints the ministers, subject to the approval of parliament, and the supreme leader who can dismiss or reinstate any of the ministers at any time, regardless of the president or parliament's decision.[15][16][17] the supreme leader directly chooses the ministries of defense, intelligence and foreign affairs, as well as certain other ministries, such as the science ministry.[18] iran's regional policy is directly controlled by the office of the supreme leader with the ministry of foreign affairs’ task limited to protocol and ceremonial occasions. all of iran's ambassadors to arab countries, for example, are chosen by the quds corps, which directly reports to the supreme leader.[19]

    the current long-time supreme leader ali khamenei, ruling iran for nearly three decades, has issued decrees and made final decisions on economy, environment, foreign policy, national planning, and almost everything else in the country.[19][7][8][9][10][20][12][13] khamenei has also made final decisions on the degree of transparency in elections in iran,[5] and has fired and reinstated presidential cabinet appointments.[15][16]

    the current president of iran is hassan rouhani, assumed office on 3 august 2013, after the 2013 iranian presidential election. he succeeded mahmoud ahmadinejad, who served 8 years in office from 2005 to 2013. rouhani won re-election in the 2017 presidential election.

  • background
  • qualifications and election
  • powers and responsibilities
  • oath of office
  • commentary on the presidency in constitution
  • latest election
  • living former presidents
  • see also
  • references
  • external links

President of the
Islamic Republic of Iran
Office of the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran Seal.svg
Official Seal
Hassan Rouani 2017 portrait.jpg
Incumbent
Hassan Rouhani

since 3 August 2013
StyleMr. President
The Right Honourable
Member ofCabinet
Expediency Discernment Council
Supreme National Security Council
Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution
Reports toSupreme Leader of Iran
ResidenceEkhtesasi Palace
(working)
Sa'dabad Palace
(ceremonial)
SeatPasteur, Tehran
AppointerDirect vote
Term lengthFour years
renewable once
Inaugural holderAbolhassan Banisadr
FormationFebruary 4, 1980; 40 years ago (1980-02-04)
DeputyFirst Vice President of Iran
Salary$10,947 annually[1]
WebsiteOfficial website

The President of Iran (Persian: رئیس‌جمهور ایران Rayis Jomhur-e Irān) is the head of government of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The President is the highest-ranking official of Iran (however, the President is still required to gain the Supreme Leader's official approval before being sworn in before the Parliament and the Leader also has the power to dismiss the elected President at any time).[2] The President carries out the decrees, and answers to the Supreme Leader of Iran, who functions as the country's head of state.[3][4] Unlike the executive in other countries, the President of Iran does not have full control over the government, which is ultimately under the control of the Supreme Leader.[3][4] The President of Iran is elected for a four-year term by direct vote and not permitted to run for a third term or serve for more than 8 years in the office.

Chapter IX of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran sets forth the qualifications for presidential candidates. The procedures for presidential election and all other elections in Iran are outlined by the Supreme Leader.[5][6] The President functions as the executive of the decrees and wishes of the Supreme Leader, including: signing treaties with foreign countries and international organizations; and administering national planning, budget, and state employment affairs.[7][8][6][9][10][11][12][13][14] The President also appoints the ministers, subject to the approval of Parliament, and the Supreme Leader who can dismiss or reinstate any of the ministers at any time, regardless of the president or parliament's decision.[15][16][17] The Supreme Leader directly chooses the ministries of Defense, Intelligence and Foreign Affairs, as well as certain other ministries, such as the Science Ministry.[18] Iran's regional policy is directly controlled by the office of the Supreme Leader with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ task limited to protocol and ceremonial occasions. All of Iran's ambassadors to Arab countries, for example, are chosen by the Quds Corps, which directly reports to the Supreme Leader.[19]

The current long-time Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, ruling Iran for nearly three decades, has issued decrees and made final decisions on economy, environment, foreign policy, national planning, and almost everything else in the country.[19][7][8][9][10][20][12][13] Khamenei has also made final decisions on the degree of transparency in elections in Iran,[5] and has fired and reinstated Presidential cabinet appointments.[15][16]

The current President of Iran is Hassan Rouhani, assumed office on 3 August 2013, after the 2013 Iranian presidential election. He succeeded Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, who served 8 years in office from 2005 to 2013. Rouhani won re-election in the 2017 presidential election.