the area covered by the etruscan civilisation.
etruscan cities were a group of ancient settlements that shared a common etruscan language and culture, even though they were independent city-states. they flourished over a large part of the northern half of italy starting from the iron age, and in some cases reached a substantial level of wealth and power. they were eventually assimilated first by italics in the south, then by celts in the north and finally in etruria itself by the growing roman republic.
the etruscan names of the major cities whose names were later romanised survived in inscriptions and are listed below. some cities were founded by etruscans in prehistoric times and bore entirely etruscan names. others, usually italic in origin, were colonised by the etruscans, who in turn etruscanised their name.
the estimates for the populations of the largest cities (veii, volsinii, caere, vulci, tarquinia, populonia) range between 25,000 and 40,000 each in the 6th century bc.