Ei-ichi Negishi

Ei-ichi Negishi
Nobel Prize 2010-Press Conference KVA-DSC 7398.jpg
Negishi in 2010
BornJuly 14, 1935
NationalityJapanese
CitizenshipJapan[1]
Alma materUniversity of Tokyo
University of Pennsylvania
Known forNegishi coupling
Spouse(s)Sumire Suzuki (m. 1959; died 2018)
Children2
AwardsSir Edward Frankland Prize Lectureship (2000)
Nobel Prize in Chemistry (2010)
Person of Cultural Merit (2010)
Order of Culture (2010)
Scientific career
FieldsChemistry
InstitutionsTeijin
Purdue University
Syracuse University
Hokkaido University
Doctoral advisorAllan R. Day
InfluencesHerbert Charles Brown

Ei-ichi Negishi (根岸 英一, Negishi Eiichi) is a Manchurian-born Japanese chemist who has spent most of his career at Purdue University in the United States. He is the Herbert C. Brown Distinguished Professor and Director of the Negishi-Brown Institute at Purdue.[2] He is best known for his discovery of the Negishi coupling.[3] He was awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for palladium catalyzed cross couplings in organic synthesis" jointly with Richard F. Heck and Akira Suzuki.[4]

Early life and education

Negishi was born in Hsinking (today known as Changchun), the capital of Manchukuo, in July 1935,[5] following the transfer of his father who worked at the South Manchuria Railway in 1936, he moved to Harbin, and lived eight years there.[6] In 1943, when he was nine, the Negishi family moved to Incheon, and a year later to Kyongsong Prefecture (now Seoul), both in Japanese-occupied Korea. In November 1945, three months after World War II ended, they moved to Japan. Negishi graduated from the University of Tokyo in 1958 and did his internship at Teijin. He went on to study in the United States and obtained his PhD from the University of Pennsylvania in 1963, under the supervision of professor Allan R. Day.